Study finds drinking with meals cuts risk of type 2 diabetes


As long as you drink it with a supper like a Frenchman, you won’t feel guilty about drinking a glass of wine every night.

One study found that eating a glass with a meal rather than eating it alone can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.

Researchers have found that people who drank wine with food were 14% less likely to develop this condition than those who drank wine without food.

However, those who drank beer or spirits with their meals appeared to be at increased risk of metabolic disorders.

Dr. Haoma, lead author of the University of Tulane in New Orleans, said: .. “

Previous studies have confirmed that compounds called polyphenols found in grape skins can lower blood sugar levels.

Wine, especially red, is also rich in healthy phytochemicals such as resveratrol, which acts as an antioxidant.

Although the full findings of the preliminary study have not yet been published, researchers have found that

Although the full findings of the preliminary study have not yet been published, researchers have found that “the beneficial association between drinking with food and type 2 diabetes is primarily caused by wine consumption.” Said

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes blood sugar levels to rise too high.

It can cause symptoms such as excessive thirst, the need to pee a lot, and fatigue. It can also increase the risk of serious eye, heart and nerve problems.

It is a lifelong condition that can affect your daily life. You may need to change your diet, take medicine, and have regular health checkups.

This is caused by a problem with a chemical (hormone) in the body called insulin. It is often associated with being overweight, sluggish, or having a family history of type 2 diabetes.

sauce: NHS

In type 2 diabetes, blood sugar levels spike too high due to problems with insulin, the hormone that regulates the amount of glucose in the bloodstream.

If left untreated, it can be fatal and cause serious heart, nerve and eye problems.

In the UK, about 4.7 million people (including 1 in 10 people over the age of 40) are in lifelong condition, and in the United States, about 34 million people are in lifelong condition.

The study was submitted this week to the American Heart Epidemiology, Prevention, Lifestyle and Cardiac Metabolism Health Conference.

Researchers tracked whether 312,388 drinkers from the UK Biobank developed diabetes in an average of 11 years and asked when and what they drank.

Respondents (average 56 years old) told researchers what time they drank, how much they drank, whether they drank beer, wine, or spirits, and whether they drank at mealtime.

About 8,600 adults in this study developed type 2 diabetes.

They did not have diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer when they participated in the study.

Although the full findings of the preliminary study have not yet been published, researchers have found that “the beneficial association between drinking with food and type 2 diabetes is primarily caused by wine consumption.” Said.

Experts say people who don’t drink alcohol shouldn’t start.

They emphasize that those who are already consuming alcohol should drink moderately.

Dr. Ma said: “The message from this study is that there is no other health condition that can be adversely affected by moderate drinking, and when consulted with a doctor, drinking a moderate amount of wine with a meal can prevent type 2 diabetes. There is a possibility. ”

Moderate drinking is defined as one glass of wine or other alcoholic beverages per day for women and up to two glasses per day for men.

Despite the findings, the link between alcohol consumption and newly developed type 2 diabetes remains controversial, according to Robert Eckel, a former president of the American Heart Association who was not involved in the study.

He states:

“We need to define the types of red and white wines, and these findings and the mechanism of profits need to be examined, but the results show that wines are better if you are consuming alcohol with your diet. It suggests that it may be a choice. “

The authors note that their studies have many limitations, including that most of the participants were Caucasian adults of European descent who reported their alcohol intake.

Therefore, it is unclear whether the findings can be generalized to other populations.

Do you drink too much alcohol?10 questions to clarify your risk

One of the screening tools widely used by medical professionals is the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test). Developed in collaboration with the World Health Organization, the 10-question test is considered a gold standard to help determine if someone has an alcohol abuse problem.

The tests have been reproduced here with the permission of WHO.

To complete it, answer each question and write down the corresponding score.

Your score:

0-7: You are within the wise drinking range and the risk of alcohol-related problems is low.

8 years and over: Indicates harmful or dangerous drinking.

8-15: Medium level risk. Drinking at the current level carries the risk of health and life problems, including work and relationships. Consider the reduction (see below for tips).

16-19: High risk of alcohol-related complications. Reducing on your own may be difficult at this level as you may be dependent, so you may need professional help from your GP or counselor ..

20 years and over: Possibility of dependence. Your drinking has already caused you problems and you may be very dependent on it. You should definitely consider quitting gradually, or at least reducing your drinking. You should seek professional help to ascertain your level of addiction and the safest way to withdraw from alcohol.

Severe addiction may require medically-assisted withdrawal or detoxification in a hospital or specialized clinic. This is because severe alcohol withdrawal symptoms can occur during the first 48 hours when professional treatment is required.

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