- A study of nearly 312,000 drinkers now shows that moderate amounts of alcohol (14 grams per day for women and 28 grams or less per day for men), especially when wine is taken with meals, type 2 It has been suggested that the risk of developing diabetes is low.
- The low risk of type 2 diabetes occurred only when drinking alcohol with meals, not alone.
Only moderate amounts of alcohol had a positive effect on the development of type 2 diabetes. Up to 1 cup a day for women and 2 cups a day for men.
- The American Heart Association recommends that adults who do not drink alcohol should not start. For adults who drink regularly, you should talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of drinking moderately. Experts warn that these results are not the reason why non-drinkers start consuming alcohol.
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“The health effects of alcohol intake are described as a double-edged sword because it can cut deeply in either direction. Depending on how it is consumed, it can be harmful or beneficial,” said research author Hao Ma, MD. , Ph states. .D. , Biostatistics Analyst, Obesity Research Center, University of Tulane, New Orleans. “Studies so far have focused on how many people drink and the results have been mixed. Few studies have focused on other drinking details, such as when to consume alcohol.”
Alcohol consumption is associated with short-term and long-term health risks such as car crashes, violence, sexual risk behavior, hypertension, obesity, stroke, breast cancer, liver disease, depression, suicide, accidents, alcohol abuse, and alcoholism. I am. These health risks increase as individual drinking increases. For some cancers and other health conditions, even very low levels of alcohol are at increased risk. Less than one cup a day.
The American Heart Association and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend that adults who do not drink alcohol should not start drinking. Among those who drink regularly, you should talk to your doctor about the benefits and risks of drinking moderately. Some people do not drink at all, such as women who are pregnant or about to become pregnant, those under the age of 21, and those with certain health conditions.
Moderation is the key to those who are already drinking. Moderate drinking is defined as one glass of wine or other alcoholic beverages per day for women and up to two glasses per day for men. According to Ma, this is up to 14 grams per day for women, or about 150 ml of wine, and up to 28 grams per day for men, or about 300 ml of wine. ..
“Clinical trials have also shown that moderate drinking may have health benefits such as glucose metabolism, but it is unclear whether the benefits of glucose metabolism will reduce type 2 diabetes. “He said. “Our study sought to determine if the association between alcohol intake and the risk of type 2 diabetes could differ depending on the timing of alcohol intake to the diet.”
In this study, researchers found that moderate drinking may be associated with newly developed type 2 diabetes among all study participants over a period of approximately 11 years (between 2006 and 2010). I investigated concretely. The data were reviewed for approximately 312,400 adults at UK Biobank who self-reported as regular drinkers. Participants did not have diabetes, cardiovascular disease, or cancer at the time of study enrollment. People who reduced their alcohol consumption due to illness, doctor’s advice, or pregnancy were excluded from the study. The average age of participants was about 56 years, with more than half of adults being female and 95% being Caucasian.
Results of analysis:
- During a follow-up period of approximately 11 years on average, approximately 8,600 adults in this study developed type 2 diabetes.
- Taking alcohol with meals was associated with a 14% lower risk of type 2 diabetes compared to drinking alcohol without food.
- The potential benefit of moderate drinking to the risk of type 2 diabetes was only apparent among those who drank alcohol during the diet, but this study did not collect specific times of the diet.
- The beneficial association between drinking with meals and type 2 diabetes was most common among participants who drank wine and those who drank other types of alcohol.
- Wine, beer, and alcohol consumption were associated differently from the risk of type 2 diabetes. High wine intake reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes, while high beer and alcohol increases the risk of type 2 diabetes.
“The message from this study is that there is no other health condition that can be adversely affected by moderate drinking, and when consulted with a doctor, drinking a moderate amount of wine with a meal prevents type 2 diabetes. There is a possibility that we can do it, “Ma said.
According to Robert H. Eckel, MD, FAHA, former president of the American Heart Association (2005-2006), alcohol consumption and newly developed type 2 diabetes, despite the results of this robust analysis of healthy drinkers. The relationship with is controversial. , Those who were not involved in the study.
“These data suggest that other ingredients in wine, perhaps antioxidants, rather than alcohol in the diet, may be a potential factor in reducing newly developed type 2 diabetes. We need to define the types of red and white wines, and we need to find out and examine the mechanism of benefits, but the result is that if you are consuming alcohol with your diet, the wines It suggests that it may be a better choice. Honors of the Department of Medicine, Department of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes and Department of Cardiology at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus.
The limitation of the study is that most of the participants were self-reported Caucasian adults and of European descent. It is unclear if the findings can be generalized to other populations.
Co-authors are Xuan Wang, MD, Ph.D. am. Xiang Li, MD, Ph.D. Dr. Yasuko Heian; and LuQi, MD, Ph.D., FAHA. The author’s disclosure is contained in the summary.
This study was funded by the National Institute of Cardiopulmonary Blood and the National Institute of Diabetes, Gastroenterology and Kidney Disease, a division of the National Institute of Health.